Article XXII-The Church-The Holy Sacraments

Continuing on the series of the Free Methodist Church’s Articles of Religion (see here and here for an explanation of the series and format):

¶123 The Church–The Holy Sacraments

Water baptism and the Lord’s Supper are the sacraments of the church commanded by Christ. They are means of grace through faith, tokens of our profession of Christian faith, and signs of God’s gracious ministry toward us. By them, He works within us to quicken, strengthen and confirm our faith.

¶131 Scriptural References

The doctrines of the Free Methodist Church are based upon the Holy Scriptures and are derived from their total biblical context. The references below are appropriate passages related to the given articles. They are listed in their biblical sequence and are not intended to be exhaustive. Matthew 26:26-29; 28:19; Acts 22:16; Romans 4:11; 1 Corinthians 10:16-17; 11:23-26; Galatians 3:27.

The next two Articles after this one speak directly to baptism and the Lord’s Supper, so I’ll leave the discussions about those specifically for then. Right now it is important to understand our understanding of sacraments in general. First, we stand in the Protestant tradition of defining only two sacraments. This does not mean that we do not see other aspects of life as holy or sacred or even in some sense sacramental, but we only count two specific actions as sacraments.

This is because we take the classic definition that a sacrament must have two parts, a sign and a thing signified by that sign. Another way to phrase it is that a sacrament is “an outward sign of an inward and spiritual grace.” We understand the command by Christ to baptize and to celebrate the Lord’s Supper as the signs he gave to signify something greater within us.

As well, we stand firmly in the Anglican tradition (since Methodism originally came from the Church of England) in that we believe that a sacrament is an actual way in which God gives grace to us. This is what we mean by the term means of grace. They are ordinary channels, or means, by which God conveys grace to us. Specifically, we believe that there is something about the physical elements of water, bread, and wine (or juice) that God uses within the context of worship that truly acts as a medium through which God acts in our lives. It is not just a spiritual reality. The sacraments are physical objects that God uses since we are both spiritual and physical beings.