Article II-The Son-His Incarnation

Spas_vsederzhitel_sinayContinuing on the series of the Free Methodist Church’s Articles of Religion (see here and here for an explanation of the series and format):

¶103 The Son-His Incarnation

God was himself in Jesus Christ to reconcile people to God. Conceived by the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary, He joined together the deity of God and the humanity of humankind. Jesus of Nazareth was God in flesh, truly God and truly human. He came to save us. For us the Son of God suffered, was crucified, dead and buried. He poured out His life as a blameless sacrifice for our sin and transgressions. We gratefully acknowledge that He is our Savior, the one perfect mediator between God and us.

¶131 Scriptural References

The doctrines of the Free Methodist Church are based upon the Holy Scriptures and are derived from their total biblical context. The references below are appropriate passages related to the given articles. They are listed in their biblical sequence and are not intended to be exhaustive. Matthew 1:21; 20:28; 26:27-28; Luke 1:35; 19:10; John 1:1, 10, 14; 2 Corinthians 5:18-19; Philippians 2:5-8; Hebrews 2:17; 9:14-15.

One of the first things to recognize when reading this Article is that we link a lot of titles and names together and use them as synonyms for the same person. The Son, Jesus Christ, Jesus of Nazareth, Son of God, Savior. All of these names, and there will be others in other Articles, refer to the one Jesus. For Free Methodists, there is no distinction between the human Jesus of Nazareth and the divine Son of God. They are one and the same being. Some theologians in the twentieth century tried to separate the “Jesus of history” and the “Christ of faith.” We do not believe in such a separation. We worship God who became human.

In theological terms, Jesus was something utterly unique and yet also utterly the same in creation. He is God. Divinity was not assumed by a human being. A Jewish man did not attain to a higher state of being or consciousness. If we were to draw a line between creator and created, he would be completely on the side of creator. He is man. God did not appear to be a human being, sending a kind of avatar into creation. He was fully and completely human. The same as God, the same as man. Yet this existence is completely new and unique. It is so radical that theologians had to come up with a new term for it. Jesus is theanthropos. This is a combination of two Greek words (theos and anthropos) that mean God and man. In English, it would be that Jesus is God-man. Completely God and completely man. Not semi-divine like a demigod. Not an enlightened man. Both God and man.

How this works, being fully God and fully man, is really beyond much of our understanding. The Church struggled to explain exactly what this means for centuries, and we still have a hard time with the concept. Some people say that just proves that we are wrong, since it just doesn’t make sense. Yet how do we explain love? How do we explain thought? How do we explain imagination, poetry, music, and hope? Some things in this life with which we are intimately aware still defy explanation. It should come as no surprise, then, that trying to describe and define God can fall short on verbiage, as well.

Another point to recognize in this Article is that the God-man came to save us. We are stated as having sin and transgression from which we need to be saved, and Jesus does this by becoming the mediator between us and God. This means that we have a problem that we cannot eliminate on our own. Later Articles delve into the human condition more fully, but the stage is set to understand that our problem of sin and transgression cannot be solved on our own.

This is a major point! This means that our problem is not a lack of education, or inequitable distribution of wealth, or exploitation of the 99%, or racism, or sexism, or discrimination of any kind. Those things may be results of our problem, but they are not the problem. They are not the problem because we could fix those problems ourselves. It may be painful and it may take time, but all of those problems can be solved by more education, or better laws, or sensitivity training. No, our problem cannot be solved on our own. We need someone who can redeem us from our sins and transgressions.

As we continue through the Articles, we will see a more full picture of the human condition and how Jesus is the only one who can solve our problem for us; he is the only one who can bridge the gap between God and us.

This is what we believe about Jesus.

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